The WRX Type RA is a similar spec to the Impreza Type R featured below but comes in a 4 door format and goes even further and loses lots of creature comforts ready for conversion into the ultimate rally car. The engine was also a lot stronger on the pre 97 RA than the other models due to being closed deck sand cast and can withstand alot more power with modifications. This is the engine of choice for the serious ej20 impreza tuners.
Up until 1997 this was the vehicle used as the donor vehicle for the Group N and Group A rally cars. Then prodrive changed to the 2dr Type R until the newage shape impreza.
EJ20 1994cc four cylinder engine fitted with an intercooler water spray, non functioning 5th injector and close ratio gearbox .
The Impreza WRX STI Type R was introduced in 1997 and is a 2 door coupe version to the RA and has different features aimed at homoligation for rallying. It is this vehicle that Prodrive used for their Group N customer cars and also the donor vehicle for the group A WRC in 1997, 98, 99 and 2000. The two door body is slightly stronger/stiffer than the 4 door RA also there is a rear bulk head adding to even more stiffness. Differences between the Type R and the JDM 4 door STi models are:-
The gear box ratios found on the Type R and Type RA are a lot shorter than those found on the standard STi (which themselves are lower than the UK model). These gear ratios have got longer over the past years. 5th in the 97 Type R is actually shorter than 4th in the UK Impreza.
The Type R introduced in 1997, was also the first Impreza STi model to get a high rear spoiler and colour coded side skirts. Standard STI models did not get the larger spoiler and coded side skirts until the year after.The only other 2 door classic Impreza is the 22b.
After subaru winning the manufacturers and drivers World Rally Championship titles in 1995, Subaru UK released a limited edition model called the Series McRae.
Revisions of the standard model included Recaro sports front seats with open head rests and Series McRae motifs, interior trimmed in Le Mans/Avus material, Sunroof, special Series McRae decals, 8-spoke gold alloy wheels, and a special blue mica paint. Only 200 Series McRae's were produced.
The Subaru Impreza 22b is based on the 1997 World Rally Championship-winning car. Only 399 were built for sale to the domestic market (another 25 were made for overseas markets) and they pre-sold almost instantly in early 1998, although many of those sales were to importers hoping to sell the car immediately in the uk or other european countries.
In Japan the car was sold for a retail price of about £28,000, but by the time the importers had got to work and they started appearing in the UK as grey imports, many were sold for between 35-50k uk sterling. There are three cars known to have been issued with the 000 number, they did or still belong to Dave Richards of Prodrive, the late Colin McRae and Nicky Grist. Colin and Nicky both purchased their cars directly form Subaru for an undisclosed sum.But i doubt is was anywhere near 50k.
Some Impreza 22b quick features.
The 22B had the EJ22 engine as opposed to the regular EJ20 engine. The block is a closed-deck sand cast. The heads were lifted from the STi Version 4 engine. The power output was 345 bhp at 6000 rpm and 267 ft·lb of torque at a lower rpm of 3200 rpm. Also the redline was lowered from 8000 rpm to 7000 rpm. The turbocharger on the 22b is a VF23.
The flared widebody taken from the Peter Stevens designed WRC car, this was built using the Type R chassis and widening the width by 80 mm. The curb weight of the 22b is 1,270 kg. The suspension was taken care of by Bilstein items. The brakes were standard 4-piston/2-piston brakes. However, the color is red and the Subaru name cast on the brake calipers and painted white. The clutch is as mention all ready an upgraded twin clutch with a ceramic disk. The 22b gearbox ratios are the same as the standard WRX Type R, but the gears were made stronger for added reliability. The WRC-inspired front bumper and adjustable rear wing gave it an even better presence along with the extra width.
The origin of the name 22B has often been debated. Many assume 22 referred to the 2.2 liter and the B was for the Bilstein suspension. This would go with the idea that Subaru sells a Legacy Spec B, the B represents the Bilstein suspension for this model.
In the year 2000 Subaru Tecnica International started a range of Impreza's called the S-series of special Imprezas. This series is a limited production series that meant the japanese limited 276bhp could be pasted, So the S201 got 300bhp. The S201 was supplied with nearly every single part from the STi catalogue.
The S201 was a 4-door STi that had the only body-kitted S-series WRX STi. It had a tri-planar Spoiler and a massive front splitter. The entire suspension was composed of STi parts.
There were 300 S201s produced, they used the VF28 spec turbo, with max boost set at at 1.2 BAR and produced 300bhp and 353 Nm, weighing in at 1270 kg these are a highly desirable variant of the Subaru impreza
There were 6 noted versions of the WRX. The STI versions were marketed with consecutive numbers. Another way to tell the version of a WRX was to look at the chassis code. All WRX sold between 1992 and 2000 have the beginning chassis code of GC8 then followed by a letter from A to G.
|Body style(s)||2-door coupe|
|Wheelbase||2240 mm (99.2 in)|
|Length||4375 mm (172.2 in)|
|Width||1705 mm (67.1 in)|
|Height||1410 mm (55.5 in)|
The WRX debuted in November 1992 with 240 PS (177 kW) at 6000 rpm with 31 kg·m (304 N·m) at 5000 rpm. Both front and rear brake rotors were ventilated disks. The vehicle had a curb weight of 1220 kg (2690 lb). The center differential was a viscous coupling type. The rear LSD was a viscous type. The WRX Type RA (marketing has made usage of the RA acronym in various ways; Record Attempt is the current usage. "R = Racing, A = Group A, the FIA racing class the WRC Impreza competes in" has also been confirmed by Subaru of Japan; the correspondence can be seen on the discussion board for this article) is a stripped down version of the WRX for people to purchase for motorsports. It does not have many "creature comforts" such as air-conditioning or a radio. The car also lacks anti-lock brakes. The WRX Type RA has the same mechanical specifications as the WRX except it had a weight reduction to 1170 kg (2579 lb). The WRX Type RA steering wheel is a 3 spoke leather-wrapped wheel from Nardi.
In October, 1993, Subaru introduced the 1994MY WRX which produced 240 PS (177 kW) (236 bhp) at 6,500 rpm with 28.5 kg·m (279 N·m) at 5,000 rpm. The wheels remained the same size. The rear rotors were substituted from drum brakes to solid disk. The vehicle gained 30 kg (66 lb) to a total curb weight of 1250 kg (2756 lb). October 1993 was also the start of production of the wagon version, with 220 PS.
It is also debated whether or not it was just the GF8 Wagon received the 220 PS engine or if the 1994 WRX received it as well. Previously this entry stated the WRX engine was downgraded to 220PS.
In November 1994, the WRX had a power increase to 260 PS (191 kW) at 6500 rpm with 31.5 kg·m (309 N·m) at 5000 rpm. The wheel diameters were increased to 16 inches and brake rotors were both changed to ventilated disks. With these modifications, the curb weight decreased to 1230 kg (2712 lb). In Japan, the WRX was also offered in the Sport Wagon and was called the Impreza Gravel Express but was discontinued due to very limited sales, and replaced by the Subaru Forester.
The 1996MY WRX debuted on January 1996. The WRX design received minimal mechanical changes, but a WRX V-Limited Edition was introduced to celebrate the success of the Impreza WRC car in the FIAWRC. It was mechanically the same to the WRX but had a curb weight nudge to 1240 kg (2734 lb). The V-limited cars are painted in World Rally Blue.
In September 1996, the WRX was updated with new styling. The 1997MY WRX now has a power rating of 280 PS (206 kW) at 6500 rpm with 33.5 kg·m (329 N·m) at 4000 rpm (280 PS at 6500 rpm with 352N*m 4000rpm for the wagon version). The car now weighs 1250 kg (2756 lb).
The 1999MY WRX is introduced on September 1998. The power rating remains the same as the previous year's model, but the torque is increased to 34.5 kg·m (338 N·m) at 4000 rpm due to improvements on the engine design (the engine was dubbed as Boxer Phase II engine). The car now has a curb weight of 1270 kg (2800 lb). The WRX Type RA receives the same power upgrades and has a weight increase of 20 kg (44 lb) to 1210 kg (2668 lb).
The last version of the WRX is introduced on September 1999. There is no change in the mechanical specifications. Added features are newly-designed alloy wheels, color-coded mirrors and door handles, remote central locking, intermittent wipers with a timer and map lights. Red Mica had replaced Bright Red..
|MY93||Type RA||GC8A47D||240PS @ 6000rpm||224.3 lb ft @ 5000rpm (non Sti)|
|MY94||Type RA||GC8B47D||240PS @ 6000rpm||224.3 lb ft @ 5000rpm (non Sti)|
|MY95||Type RA||GC8C47D||260PS @ 6500rpm||228.0 lb ft @ 5000rpm (non Sti)|
|MY95||Type RA Sti||GC8C4DD||275PS @ 6500rpm||235.4 lb ft @ 4000rpm|
|MY96||Type RA||GC8C47D||260PS @ 6500rpm||228.0 lb ft @ 5000rpm (non Sti)|
|MY96||Type RA Sti Version 2 & V Limited||GC8C4DD||275PS @ 6500rpm||235.4 lb ft @ 4000rpm|
|MY97||Type RA Sti Version 3||GC8D2DD||280PS @ 6500rpm||259.8 lb ft @ 4000rpm|
|MY97||Type RA||GC8D47D||280PS @ 6500rpm||242.0 lb ft @ 4000rpm (non Sti)|
|MY97||Type RA Sti Version 3 & V Limited||GC8D4ED||280PS @ 6500rpm||253.1 lb ft @ 4000rpm|
|MY98||Type R V Limited||GC8E27D||280PS @ 6500rpm||242.0 lb ft @ 4000rpm (non Sti)|
|MY98||Type R Sti Version 4 & V Limited||GC8E2DD||280PS @ 6500rpm||259.8 lb ft @ 4000rpm|
|MY98||Type RA||GC8E47D||280PS @ 6500rpm||242.0 lb ft @ 4000rpm(non Sti)|
|MY98||Type RA Version 4 & V Limited||GC8E4DD||280PS @ 6500rpm||259.8 lb ft @ 4000rpm|
|MY98||22b||GC8E2SD||280PS @ 6000rpm||264.2 lb ft @ 3200rpm|
|MY99||Type R V Limited Version 5||GC8F27D||280PS @ 6500rpm||249.4 lb ft @ 4000rpm (non Sti)|
|MY99||Type R Sti & V Limited||GC8F2DD||280PS @ 6500rpm||259.8 lb ft @ 4000rpm|
|MY99||Type RA||GC8F47D||280PS @ 6500rpm||249.4 lb ft @ 4000rpm (non Sti)|
|MY99||Type RA Sti & V Limited||GC8F4DD||280PS @ 6500rpm||259.8 lb ft @ 4000rpm|
|MY00||Type R V Limited Version 6||GC8G27D||280PS @ 6500rpm||249.4 lb ft @ 4000rpm (non Sti)|
|MY00||Type R Sti & V Limited||GC8G2DD||280PS @ 6500rpm||259.8 lb ft @ 4000rpm|
|MY00||Type RA & V Limited||GC8G47D||280PS @ 6500rpm||249.4 lb ft @ 4000rpm (non Sti)|
|MY00||Type RA Sti & V Limited||GC8G4DD||280PS @ 6500rpm||259.8 lb ft @ 4000rpm|
|MY00||Type RA Sti S201||GC8G4DD||300PS @ 6500rpm||259.8 lb ft @4000rpm|
|MY00||RS 2.5||165PS||166.0 lb ft @ 4000rpm|
|MY00||P1||GC8HKED||280PS @ 6500rpm||253.0 lb ft @ 4000rpm|
|Type RA (non Sti) 92-94||205PS per tonne weight 1170 kg|
|Type RA (non Sti) 94-96||220PS per tonne weight 1180 kg|
|Type RA (non Sti) 96-98||237PS per tonne weight 1210 kg|
|Type RA (non Sti) 98-00||231PS per tonne weight 1210 kg|
|Type RA Sti 94||206PS per tonne weight 1230 kg|
|Type RA Sti 94-95||229PS per tonne weight 1200 kg|
|Type R Sti 97||225PS per tonne weight 1240 kg|
|Type RA S201||235PS per tonne weight 1275 kg|
|22b||220PS per tonne weight 1270 kg|
|2.5 RS||128PS per tonne weight 1705 kg|